The effect of palm oil content on liposome formation, surface mor

The effect of palm oil content on liposome formation, surface morphology, shape, size and zeta potential of the liposomes were studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and particle analyzer. Drug loading, entrapment efficiency and in vitro drug release were measured in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS, pH 7.4) by UV spectrophotometry.

Results TEM and SEM images showed formation find protocol of liposomes for all formulations, However, increase in the proportion of palm oil in the formulations significantly reduced particle size and increased zeta potential. The effect on drug loading and drug release varied with palm oil fraction. The best release pattern with appropriate entrapment

efficiency and stability was obtained with liposomes containing 33 % palm oil fraction. Introduction of 46 and 56 % of palm oil fractions yielded zeta potential of -42.8 and -50.7 mV, respectively, compared with -31.2 mV for the formulation without palm oil.

Conclusion: The results demonstrate the potentials of palm oil fractions in the preparation of suitable DS liposomes with good bioavailability.”
“The effects of sodium butyrate (SB), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, in combination with cisplatin (CDDP), for inhibition of cell growth and induction of apoptosis were investigated in bladder cancer cell lines in vitro. Bladder cancer cell lines T24,

253J, and UMUC3 were treated with different concentrations of CDDP or SB. Cell proliferation was studied by XTT assay. Cell-cycle analysis and Selleckchem ATR inhibitor induction of apoptosis click here were analyzed by laser scanning cytometry (LSC). Western blot analysis was used to determine expression of p21, p27, TRADD, FADD, caspase-2, and caspase-7. We observed that SB in combination with CDDP induced significant inhibition of cell growth in a dose-dependent manner through G(1) arrest and apoptosis, as determined by LSC. When bladder cancer cell lines were treated with SB plus CDDP, Western blotting showed increased expression

of p21 but not p27 in T24 cells, whereas both p21 and p27 increased in 253J and UMUC3 cells. All cell lines exhibited a moderate increase in TRADD and decrease in procaspase-2 but no significant change in FADD and procaspase-7. The results showed the synergistic anticancer effect of SB in combination with CDDP, their potential for treatment of bladder cancer, and their mechanism of action in terms of cell signal transduction and induction of apoptosis.”
“The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction and its association with cardiovascular risk factors in an adult Bulgarian population. 2402 subjects were studied, 1347 female, 20-94y (median: 48.0y) and 1055 male, 20-91y (median: 45.5y). Body weight, height, waist circumference, arterial blood pressure, TSH, FT4 and lipids were measured. Known hypothyroidism was reported by 53 subjects (2.2%) and hyperthyroidism by 20 (0.8%).

Lower malondialdehyde levels were detected in plants with higher

Lower malondialdehyde levels were detected in plants with higher CAT activity, which may result from the protective function of this enzyme. Overall, we can conclude that pretreatment with H2O2 leaf spraying was able to reduce the deleterious effects of salinity on seedling growth and lipid peroxidation. These responses could be attributed to the ability of H2O2 to induce

antioxidant defenses, especially CAT activity. (C) 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.”
“P>A comparative study on the experimental pathogenicity of five species of Sporothrix of clinical interest, Sporothrix albicans, Sporothrix brasiliensis, Sporothrix globosa, Sporothrix mexicana, and Sporothrix schenckii sensu stricto, was performed using an immunocompetent murine model. Two strains of each species TH-302 manufacturer and two levels of inoculum for each strain (2 x 10(7) and 2 x 10(4) conidia/animal) were tested by intravenous inoculation of mice (ten per group). Mortality was caused by the low inoculum of one strain of S. brasiliensis only, and the high inocula of S. brasiliensis and S. schenckii strains. Other inocula and other species tested did not kill

any of the experimental animals. Tissue burden studies showed fungal spread to kidneys, lungs, spleen, brain, and testicles. S. brasiliensis was recovered extensively from all of the studied organs, and S. schenckii β-Nicotinamide research buy and S. globosa were recovered in lower amounts. Histopathological studies revealed differences in the lesions, which ranged from local inflammation with a low number of fungal cells at the injection site in mice infected with S. globosa, to massive infiltration of fungal cells in organs of those infected with S. brasiliensis. Our findings showed that S. brasiliensis and S. schenckii were selleck screening library the most virulent species, and suggest that lesional mechanisms could be species-specific.”
“For almost four decades, the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has been of

great value in many fields of biological research. It is now used extensively in studies of microbial pathogenesis and innate immunity. The worm lacks an adaptive immune system and relies solely on its innate immune defences to cope with pathogen attack. Infectious microbes, many of which are of clinical interest, trigger specific mechanisms of innate immunity, and provoke the expression of antifungal or antibacterial polypeptides. In this review, we highlight some of these families of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) and proteins that are candidates for the development of novel antibiotics. In addition, we describe how systems of C. elegans infection provide an increasing number of possibilities for large-scale in vivo screens for the discovery of new antimicrobial drugs. These systems open promising perspectives for innovative human therapies.”
“An investigation on the influence of Al/CuO reactive multilayer films (RMFs) additives on exploding foil initiator was performed in this paper.

Positive results

Positive results I-BET-762 were defined as 1+ on dipstick test, protein concentration 30mg/dL on P-test, and P/Cr ratio0.27 (mg/mg) on P/Cr test. Sixty-four 24-h urine tests (quantification of protein in urine collected during 24h) were performed in 27 of the 145 women. We assumed that P/Cr ratio0.27 predicted significant proteinuria (urinary protein0.3g/day). The 24-h urine collection was considered incomplete when urinary creatinine excretion was<11.0mg/kg/day or >25.0mg/kg/day.

ResultsForty-four percent (69/156) of specimens with a positive test result on dipstick test contained protein<30mg/dL. Dipstick test was positive for 25.7% (69/269) of specimens with protein<30mg/dL

and for 28.8% (79/274) of specimens with P/Cr ratio<0.27. P-test

results were positive for 7.3% (20/274) and negative for 18.1% (15/83) of specimens with P/Cr ratio<0.27 and 0.27, respectively. Incomplete 24-h urine collection occurred in 15.6% (10/64) of 24-h urine tests. Daily urinary creatinine excretion was 702-1397mg, while creatinine concentration GSI-IX price varied from 16mg/dL to 475mg/dL in spot-urine specimens.

ConclusionDipstick test and P-test were likely to over- and underestimate risks of significant proteinuria, respectively. The 24-h urine collection was often incomplete.”
“Objective: This study investigates the mobilization of religious coping in women’s response to breast cancer.

Methods: Ninety-three breast cancer patients and 160 women with a benign diagnosis participated. Breast cancer patients were assessed on their use of religious coping

strategies and their level of emotional distress and well-being at pre-diagnosis, I week pre-surgery, and I month, 6 months, I year, and 2 years post-surgery.

Results: In general, breast cancer patients used religious strategies more frequently than women with a benign diagnosis; however, the patterns of use were similar across time for the majority of strategies. Results showed that religious coping strategies are mobilized early on in the process of adjustment to breast cancer. Breast cancer patients’ use of support or comfort-related strategies peaked around surgery and then declined, while the use of strategies that reflected learn more more a process of meaning-making remained elevated or increased into the long-term. Positive and negative forms of religious coping were predictive of concurrent distress and emotional well-being. As well, there was evidence that the mobilization of religious coping was predictive of changes in distress and well-being across time. For example, women’s increased use of active surrender coping from I to 6 months post-surgery was related to a concomitant decrease in emotional distress and increase in emotional well-being.

The hypothetical high-nitrate DASH diet pattern exceeds the World

The hypothetical high-nitrate DASH diet pattern exceeds the World Health Organization’s Acceptable Daily Intake for nitrate by 550% for a 60-kg adult. These data call into question the rationale for recommendations to limit nitrate and nitrite

consumption from plant foods; a comprehensive reevaluation of the health effects of food sources of nitrates and nitrites is appropriate. The strength of the evidence linking the consumption of nitrate- and nitrite-containing plant foods to check details beneficial health effects supports the consideration of these compounds as nutrients. Am J Clin Nutr 2009;90:1-10.”
“OBJECTIVES: To evaluate vascular protection treatment patterns and attainment of the 2003 Canadian Diabetes Association’s recommended targets in ambulatory patients with type 2 diabetes.

METHODS: Between 2005 and 2006, 3002 outpatients with type 2 diabetes were enrolled selleck screening library by 229 primary health care settings across Canada. Baseline characteristics, therapeutic regimens and treatment success defined as the achievement of a blood pressure (BP) of 130/80 mmHg or lower, glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C) of 7% or lower, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) lower than 2.5 mmol/L and total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio lower than 4.0 – are reported.

RESULTS: Overall, 46% of individuals had a BP that was above the Canadian

Diabetes Association’s recommended

target. Of these, 11% were untreated, 28% were receiving monotherapy, 38% were not receiving an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and 16% were not receiving either an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or an angiotensin receptor blocker. Optimal A1C levels were achieved in 53% of patients. Of those who did not attain A1C targets, 3% were not on glucose-lowering pharmacotherapy selleck products and 27% were receiving monotherapy. A total of 74% of patients were treated with statins. Overall, 64% and 62%, respectively, met the target LDL-C and the target total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio. Statins were not prescribed to 43% of patients with LDL-C above target. Antiplateler therapy was implemented in 81% of patients. In total, 21% achieved the combined targets for BP, A1C and LDL-C.

INTERPRETATION: A substantial proportion of patients did not achieve guideline-recommended targets and were not receiving evidence-based therapy for vascular protection two years after publication of the Canadian guidelines. More research is warranted, and novel and effective strategies must be tested and implemented to correct this ongoing treatment gap.”
“The aim of this study was to compare the activities of moxifloxacin and vancomycin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE) biofilms.

9672 and pred_r(2) = 0 8480 Hence the model proposed in this wor

9672 and pred_r(2) = 0.8480. Hence the model proposed in this work provides important structural insight in designing novel derivatives with specific HIF-1 inhibitory activity.”
“Crossbred steers (n = 72) were selected to study forage-based finishing systems using winter annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) with varying levels

of grain supplementation. In December, cattle were allotted to 1 of 6 treatments consisting Cilengitide of ryegrass pasture (1 ha) with whole shell corn supplemented at 0.0% (0.0), 0.5% (0.5), 1.0% (1.0), 1.5% (1.5), and 2.0% (2.0) of BW, or an ad libitum mixed-ration grain diet in a drylot. Steers were randomly assigned to pens of 4 with pen serving as the experimental unit. Cattle were slaughtered by pen when average pen backfat thickness (as measured by real-time ultrasound) reached approximately click here 0.64 cm. Forage samples and disk meter height were taken from ryegrass paddocks on a monthly basis to determine forage quality and mass. Live animal performance, carcass traits, proximate analysis, Warner-Bratzler shear force, and sensory characteristics

from the LM of the rib section were analyzed. Increasing the amount of grain in the diet of finishing cattle resulted in a linear decrease (P < 0.05) in days on feed and a linear increase (P < 0.05) in ADG, preliminary yield grade, final yield grade, flavor intensity, and beef flavor. Forage DM mass increased with each incremental increase in grain added to the grazing diets. Quality of forage was not (P > 0.05) affected by adding grain to the diet. Adding corn to the diet of cattle being finished on forage improved animal performance and decreased forage

utilization characteristics in addition to improving the flavor characteristics of beef.”
“Cardiovascular disease (CVD) represents an increasing burden to health care systems. Modifiable risk factors figure prominently in the population-attributable risk for premature coronary artery disease. Primary care is well placed to facilitate CVD risk improvement. We plan to evaluate the ability of a novel primary care intervention providing systematic risk factor screening, risk-weighted behavioural counselling and pharmacological intervention to achieve 2 Selleckchem Ruboxistaurin objectives: (1) optimized management of global CVD risk of patients and (2) increased patient adherence to lifestyle and pharmaceutical interventions aimed at decreasing global CVD risk. A pre-post longitudinal prospective design with a nonrandomized comparison group is being undertaken in 2 geographically diverse primary care practices in Nova Scotia with differing reimbursement models. Participants will complete a readiness to change and pre-post health risk assessment (HRA), that will trigger a 1-year intervention individualized around risk and readiness.

Sudden congestion (nearly total to total obstruction) of the ICV

Sudden congestion (nearly total to total obstruction) of the ICV may have caused the thalamic hemorrhage in this case, which is the first reported instance of pediatric SWS with intracerebral hemorrhage and no other vascular lesion. Findings suggested that the appearance of major venous sinus occlusion in a child with SWS could be a warning sign of hemorrhage.”
“New N-alkyl(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl 1,4-benzoquinone monoimines were synthesized,

and their thiocyanation gave 5-alkyl(trifluoromethyl)sulfonylamino-1,3-benzoxathiol-2-ones. An intermediate thiocyanation product, 5-trifluoromethylsulfonylamino-1,3-benzoxathiol-2-imine, was isolated for the first time.”
“Background Adverse biological effects from airborne pollutants are a primary environmental concern in highly industrialized areas. Recent studies linked air pollution exposures with altered blood Deoxyribonucleic acid Baf-A1 nmr (DNA) methylation, but effects from industrial sources and underlying biological mechanisms are still largely unexplored.

Methods The Ma Ta Phut PI3K inhibitor industrial estate (MIE) in Rayong, Thailand hosts one of the largest

steel, oil refinery and petrochemical complexes in south-eastern Asia. We measured a panel of blood DNA methylation markers previously associated with air pollution exposures, including repeated elements [long interspersed nuclear element-1 (LINE-1) and Alu] and genes [p53, hypermethylated-in-cancer-1 (HIC1), p16 and interleukin-6 (IL-6)], in 67 MIE workers, 65 Ma Ta Phut residents and 45 rural controls. To evaluate the role of DNA damage and oxidation, we correlated DNA methylation measures with bulky DNA and 3-(2-deoxy-beta-D-erythro-pentafuranosyl)pyrimido[1,2-alpha]purin-10(3H)-one

deoxyguanosine (M(1)dG) adducts.

Results In covariate-adjusted models, MIE workers, compared with rural residents, showed lower LINE-1 (74.8% vs 78.0%; P < 0.001), p53 (8.0% vs 15.7%; P < 0.001) and IL-6 methylation (39.2% vs 45.0%; P = 0.027) and higher HIC1 methylation (22.2% vs 15.3%, P < 0.001). For all four markers, Ma Ta Phut residents exhibited methylation levels intermediate AZD9291 between MIE workers and rural controls (LINE-1, 75.7%, P < 0.001; p53, 9.0%, P < 0.001; IL-6, 39.8%, P = 0.041; HIC1, 17.8%, P = 0.05; all P-values vs rural controls). Bulky DNA adducts showed negative correlation with p53 methylation (P = 0.01). M(1)dG showed negative correlations with LINE-1 (P = 0.003) and IL-6 methylation (P = 0.05).

Conclusions Our findings indicate that industrial exposures may induce alterations of DNA methylation patterns detectable in blood leucocyte DNA. Correlation of DNA adducts with DNA hypomethylation suggests potential mediation by DNA damage.”

A follow-up study will be required to determine whether these mil

A follow-up study will be required to determine whether these mild histological findings at the time of donation influence long-term outcome in the donor.”
“ObjectiveThis study aimed to study the comorbidity of common mental disorders (CMDs) and cancer, and the mental health treatment gap among community residents with active cancer, cancer survivors and cancer-free respondents in 13 high-income and 11 low-middle-income countries.

MethodsData were derived from the World Mental Health Surveys (N=66,387; n=357

active cancer, n=1373 cancer survivors, n=64,657 cancer-free respondents). The World Health Organization/Composite International Diagnostic Interview was used in all surveys to estimate CMDs prevalence rates. Respondents were also asked about mental

health service utilization in the preceding 12months. Cancer status was ascertained by self-report of physician’s diagnosis.

ResultsTwelve-month prevalence rates of CMDs were higher among active cancer (18.4%, SE=2.1) than cancer-free respondents (13.3%, SE=0.2) adjusted for sociodemographic confounders and other lifetime chronic conditions (adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=1.44, 95% CI 1.05-1.97). CMD rates among cancer survivors (14.6%, SE=0.9) compared with cancer-free respondents did not differ significantly (AOR=0.95, 95% PR171 CI 0.82-1.11). Similar patterns characterized high-income and low-middle-income countries. Of respondents with active cancer who had CMD in the preceding 12months, 59% sought

services for mental health problems (SE=5.3). The pattern of service utilization among learn more people with CMDs by cancer status (highest among persons with active cancer, lower among survivors and lowest among cancer-free respondents) was similar in high-income (64.0%, SE=6.0; 41.2%, SE=3.0; 35.6%, SE=0.6) and low-middle-income countries (46.4%, SE=11.0; 22.5%, SE=9.1; 17.4%, SE=0.7).

ConclusionsCommunity respondents with active cancer have higher CMD rates and high treatment gap. Comprehensive cancer care should consider both factors. Copyright (c) 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.”
“High light induced photooxidation (HLIP) usually leads to leaf premature senescence and causes great yield loss in winter wheat. In order to explore the genetic control of wheat tolerance to HLIP stress, a quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis was conducted on a set of doubled haploid population, derived from two winter wheat cultivars. Actual values of chlorophyll content (Chl), minimum fluorescence level (Fo), maximum fluorescence level (Fm), and the maximum quantum efficiency of photosystem II (Fv/Fm) under both HLIP and non-stress conditions as well as the ratios of HLIP to non-stress were evaluated. HLIP considerably reduced Chl, Fm, and Fv/Fm, but increased Fo, compared with that under non-stress condition.

We explain these results as arising from a transition from a pred

We explain these results as arising from a transition from a predominantly single domain like switching to switching involving a vortex state. Micromagnetic simulations corroborate this picture, indicating that a single magnetic vortex nucleates in between the nanocontacts through the influence from the total Oersted field generated by the nanocontact ensemble. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3556960]“

pot experiment was carried out under glasshouse conditions with common sage (Salvia officinalis L.) to investigate the interactive effects of salt stress and kinetin on growth attributes and the abundance of pigments, ions, phenolic diterpenes and alpha-tocopherol in leaf extracts of this species. The plants find more were subjected to the following four treatments: (i) control (nutrient solution), (ii) control + 10 mu M kinetin, (iii) salt stress (nutrient solution + 100 mM NaCl), and (iv) salt stress + 10 mu M kinetin. Kinetin was applied as a foliar fertilizer. Salt stress reduced water contents,

photosynthetic activity and pigment contents of sage leaves. In addition, it increased Na+ contents, and reduced those of Ca2+ and K+ in leaves. Salt stress reduced carnosic acid and 12-O-methyl carnosic acid contents in leaves, while it did not affect carnosol and alpha-tocopherol contents. Foliar applications ABT-737 molecular weight of kinetin seemed to counterbalance or alleviate the stress symptoms induced by salinity, improving ion and pigment contents, while leaf phenolic diterpene (mainly carnosol) and alpha-tocopherol contents also increased in both control and NaCl-treated plants; still this effect was much more obvious in salt-treated plants. A similar effect was also obtained when plants were sprayed with KNO3 or Ca(NO3)(2), thus suggesting that kinetin effects were at least partly due to an improvement of ion homeostasis. Kinetin applications resulted in increased transcript levels of the isoprenoid and tocopherol biosynthetic genes, DXPRI and VTE2 and VTE4 in control plants, but not in NaCl-treated plants. We conclude that

kinetin can alleviate the negative impact of salt on sage plants cultivated Apoptosis Compound Library price under arid environments with salinity problems. (C) 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.”
“The structural and magnetic properties of the CoNb2O6 compound have been investigated with a particular interest in their low-dimensional magnetic behavior which is characterized by the presence of weakly interacting ferromagnetic chains. We investigate this cobalt niobate by combining magnetic measurements; x-ray and neutron diffraction (ND). The ND was carried out on powder samples at different temperatures above (20 K) and below the ordering temperature (2.4, 1.8, and 1.4 K). The compound exhibits an orthorhombic crystal structure of Pbcn symmetry, typical of a columbite structure. Magnetic ordering at 2.5 K is found with the propagation vector (0, 0.

Not only subcutaneous involvement, but also, evident zones of deg

Not only subcutaneous involvement, but also, evident zones of degenerated collagen, foam cells, and cholesterol clefts were missing. Moreover, the case shows overlaps with recently published granulomatous scleromyxedema. Some common clinical and histopathologic features of NXG and scleromyxedema might be based on shared underlying paraproteinemia.”
“The objective of this study was to assess opioid use during 7 years

(2000-2006) among Clalit Health Services (CHS) members.

Purchasing data of opioids authorized for use in Israel were obtained from the computerized databases of CHS. Patient demographics and cancer morbidity were also extracted. The data were analyzed by converting the purchased opioids to oral morphine LY294002 inhibitor equivalents (OMEs).

CHS is the largest health maintenance organization in Israel (3,774,600) and insures almost 54% of the Israeli population.

All CHS members who purchased an opioid at least once during the 7-year study period (2000-2006).

There were no interventions in this study.

The ourcome measures of this study were total OME purchased per year,

OME (mg) per capita/per year, and OME (mg) daily dose.

There were 119,562 patients who purchased an opioid at least once (3.2% of CHS population). Of them, 57.4% were women, 69.0% aged 65 years and above (average age 56.05 years +/- 26.7), 7.7% purchased opioids for more than 12 months, and 81.3% purchased opioids for only 1-4 months. A 96% increase in total OME purchased was found between 2000 and 2006 (from 56.4 kg to 110.6 kg). The annual OME purchased

per capita increased from DMH1 concentration 15.7 mg in the year 2000 to 29.3 mg in 2006. The total number of patients who received at least one opioid prescription increased by 60%, while the growth in total number of CHS members was smaller (4.8%).

There is a growing use of opioids at CHS during the 7-year period, a potential indicator of the progress made in improving accessibility and availability of opioids in our health care organization in Israel.”
“Background and Purpose: Patients who present with varying severity of obstructive urolithiasis behave differently after the treatment. Some patients recover with improved renal function while others progress to renal failure. Our objective was to objectively quantify which patients would progress to renal failure after treatment for obstructive urolithiasis. Patients and Methods: A prospective analysis of 167 patients with renal failure from bilateral obstructive urolithiasis who were treated and subsequently followed for at least 1 year was performed. Failure was defined as glomerular filtration rate (GFR) values less than 15mL/min at 1 year follow-up. All patients had preoperative placement of a percutaneous nephrostomy tube for at least 5 days before treatment with either ureteroscopy or percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Multiple logistic regression analysis of affecting parameters was performed.

4 While both x = 0 5 and x = 0 6 compounds exhibit metal-insulat

4. While both x = 0.5 and x = 0.6 compounds exhibit metal-insulator transition. Furthermore, large low field magnetoresistance (MR) and hysteresis appears only in the MR (H) curve of x = 0.5 sample. These results are discussed in terms of the charge localization caused by the lattice distortion due to the character of the 6s(2) lone pair of Bi3+ ions. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3506683]“
“Objective. The aim of this study was to compare the leakage of root canal fillings of gutta-percha or Resilon cones in association with AH Plus or Epiphany sealer.


design. Four groups of premolars (n = 64) were instrumented to size 45/.04 ProFile and filled with laterally compacted gutta-percha cones or Resilon

Cl-amidine cones in association with AH Plus or Epiphany sealer. The specimens were stored for 2 weeks at 37 C and 100% humidity. After that, leakage was measured using the fluid filtration method and determined as mu L/min.10 psi.

Results. Homogeneity of variance and multiple comparisons tests were performed and indicated that root fillings with the combination of gutta-percha cones and AH Plus sealer showed lower leakage values (P < .05) than the other groups.

Conclusion. Considering the experimental conditions and the results obtained, it was concluded that fillings made with gutta-percha cones in combination with AH Plus sealer had the best performance. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2010;109:e131-e135)”
“Chemical modification was performed PD173074 mouse for macroporous crosslinked chloromethylated polystyrene. The obtained HJ-K01 resin was used to remove phenol from aqueous solution, and its adsorption behaviors selleck screening library for phenol were compared with commercial Amberlite XAD-4. The results indicate that methylamino groups were successfully uploaded onto the surface of the HJ-K01 resin and the adsorption capacity of phenol onto the

HJ-K01 resin was much larger than that onto XAD-4. Furthermore, the original phenol solution was suitable for the adsorption, the adsorption isotherms could be fitted by the Freundlich model, and its kinetic curves could be characterized by a pseudo-second-order rate equation. The fixed-bed column adsorption demonstrated that the HJ-K01 resin was an excellent resin for the removal of phenol. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 119: 1435-1442, 2011″
“Crystalline nanowires particularly metallic nanowires with twin boundaries have higher strength than those without. Achieving the higher strength requires controllable introduction of twin boundaries, which is impossible at the present. Turning the impossibility to a possibility, this paper proposes a mechanism of controllably introducing twin boundaries into crystalline nanowires by design; and demonstrates its feasibility using molecular dynamics simulations. This mechanism relies on the combination of mechanical torsion and local melting (and subsequent solidification).